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# What Is Bias Ratio?

Views 9623Mar 22, 2024

The bias ratio is a statistical tool that finance professionals use to make informed decisions. It compares and evaluates the performance of several asset classes over time to calculate the level of risk associated with an investment. It helps to determine the expected decline or rise in asset value.

The bias ratio is computed by subtracting the return of a benchmark index, such as the S&P 500, from the average return of an asset class over a specified period. After that, the result is split by the asset class's return standard deviation.

An asset class with a high bias ratio has excelled in its benchmark throughout the specified period. On the other hand, an asset class with a low bias ratio has underperformed. If the bias ratio is negative, the asset class has depreciated compared to the benchmark.

Finance experts can use the bias ratio to determine which assets are more likely to produce positive returns and which are more likely to face value losses by using this tool. Investors can manage their resources more wisely if they know the risk involved in a particular investment.

One can calculate the Bias ratio by using the formulae given below:

Bias Ratio = (Average return of asset class – Return of benchmark index) / Standard deviation of asset class’s returns

# Hypothetical:

For instance, suppose you're thinking about investing in a start-up tech firm. You want to use the bias ratio to guide your decision-making because you are aware of how volatile the tech industry has been previously.

You can determine the bias ratio for the technology sector by subtracting the return of the S&P 500 from the average return of tech companies over the previous five years. The value, thus, obtained is then divided by the returns on the tech stock's standard deviation.

The bias ratio for the technology industry is calculated to be 1.2. This indicates that tech stocks, on average, have outperformed the S&P 500 by 1.2% during the previous five years. The higher standard deviation, however, shows that they have also been more volatile.

This information could help you identify the risks associated with the tech sector and shift your focus. However, one should always be aware that past performance is not indicative of future results.

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Images provided are not current and any securities are shown for illustrative purposes only.

*This article discusses technical analysis, other approaches, including fundamental analysis, may offer very different views. The examples provided are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to be reflective of the results you can expect to achieve. Specific security charts used are for illustrative purposes only and are not a recommendation, offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy any security.

Disclaimer: This content is for informational and educational purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation or endorsement of any specific investment or investment strategy.