- The projected fair value for Geo-Jade Petroleum is CN¥2.33 based on 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity
- Geo-Jade Petroleum's CN¥2.76 share price indicates it is trading at similar levels as its fair value estimate
- When compared to theindustry average discount of -62%, Geo-Jade Petroleum's competitors seem to be trading at a greater premium to fair value
Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of Geo-Jade Petroleum Corporation (SHSE:600759) by taking the forecast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today's value. This will be done using the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Models like these may appear beyond the comprehension of a lay person, but they're fairly easy to follow.
Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.
See our latest analysis for Geo-Jade Petroleum
Crunching The Numbers
We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. In the first stage we need to estimate the cash flows to the business over the next ten years. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.
A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:
10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate
|Levered FCF (CN¥, Millions)
|Growth Rate Estimate Source
|Est @ -1.72%
|Est @ -0.28%
|Est @ 0.73%
|Est @ 1.43%
|Est @ 1.93%
|Est @ 2.27%
|Est @ 2.52%
|Est @ 2.68%
|Est @ 2.80%
|Est @ 2.89%
|Present Value (CN¥, Millions) Discounted @ 14%
("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = CN¥3.3b
After calculating the present value of future cash flows in the initial 10-year period, we need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all future cash flows beyond the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (3.1%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 14%.
Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2033 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = CN¥707m× (1 + 3.1%) ÷ (14%– 3.1%) = CN¥7.0b
Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= CN¥7.0b÷ ( 1 + 14%)10= CN¥1.9b
The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is CN¥5.3b. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of CN¥2.8, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.
We would point out that the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate and of course the actual cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Geo-Jade Petroleum as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 14%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.464. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.
SWOT Analysis for Geo-Jade Petroleum
- Debt is well covered by cash flow.
- Balance sheet summary for 600759.
- Interest payments on debt are not well covered.
- Current share price is above our estimate of fair value.
- Key risks with investing in 600759.
- Has sufficient cash runway for more than 3 years based on current free cash flows.
- Lack of analyst coverage makes it difficult to determine 600759's earnings prospects.
- No apparent threats visible for 600759.
Valuation is only one side of the coin in terms of building your investment thesis, and it is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. For Geo-Jade Petroleum, we've put together three essential aspects you should explore:
- Risks: Be aware that Geo-Jade Petroleum is showing 1 warning sign in our investment analysis , you should know about...
- Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
- Other Top Analyst Picks: Interested to see what the analysts are thinking? Take a look at our interactive list of analysts' top stock picks to find out what they feel might have an attractive future outlook!
PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Chinese stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.
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This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.