Meaning: the total market value of a listed company's outstanding shares
Formula: Market Cap = Number of Outstanding Shares × Market Price
Meaning: the total market value of a listed company's shares that are available for trading on the market
Formula: Float Cap = Number of Floating Shares × Market Price
Meaning: the total number of shares issued by a listed company. In the Hong Kong stock market, for a company whose shares are listed in multiple places, Shares include all the listed shares of the company; in the A-shares market, for a company whose shares are not all floating shares, Shares include floating shares and non-floating shares (shares held by directors and officers, state-owned shares, restricted shares held by employees, and shares held by institutional and strategic investors holding more than 5% of shares).
Meaning: the total number of shares of a listed company that are available for trading on the market.
Note: In the event of ADSs, Shs Float is estimated for reference only, and no official information is available.
Meaning: the frequency in which shares change hands on the market over a certain period of time. It is one of the indicators that reflects a stock's liquidity level.
Formula: Turnover Ratio = (Number of Shares Traded / Number of Floating Shares) × 100%
Meaning: the absolute value of the difference between the highest and lowest price after the market opens, as a percentage of the previous closing price. It indicates the activity of a stock to a certain degree.
Formula: Amplitude = (Highest Price Point - Lowest Price Point) / Previous Closing Price × 100%
Meaning: the ratio of all buy orders to all sell orders in the quotation system. It measures the relative strength of the buy side against the sell side over a period of time.
Formula: Bid/Ask % = (Number of Buy Orders - Number of Sell Orders) / (Number of Buy Orders + Number of Sell Orders) × 100%
Meaning: the ratio of the average trading volume per minute since the market opens to the average trading volume per minute over the past 5 trading days. It measures relative trading volume.
Formula: Volume Ratio = (Current Trading Volume / Time Since Market Open (Mins)) / Average Trading Volume per Minute over the Past 5 Days
Meaning: the ratio of market price to earnings per share disclosed in the latest annual report. It does not take into consideration short-term changes and is calculated using the financial data in the latest annual report, so it lags behind the current position of a company.
In the Hong Kong stock & A-shares markets, P/E LFY = Market Capitalization / Profit Attributable to Shareholders for the Previous Fiscal Year
In the US stock market, P/E LFY = Market Price / Diluted Earnings per Share Disclosed in the Latest Annual Report
Meaning: the ratio of market price to earnings per share disclosed in the statements for the past 12 months. Earnings per share in P/E are calculated using the financial data for the past four quarters. Although these four quarters may start from a different month and straddle two natural years, P/E makes up for the seasonal effect of the financial data used in P/E LFY.
In the Hong Kong stock & A-shares markets, P/E = Market Capitalization / Profit Attributable to Shareholders for the Past 12 Months
In the US stock market, P/E = Market Price / Diluted Earnings per Share Disclosed in the Statements for the Past 12 Months
Meaning: the ratio of market price to book value per share. In particular, book value per share is the ratio of equity available to common shareholders to total share capital on the latest balance sheet.
P/B = Market Price / Book Value per Share
Meaning: the ratio of dividends to stock price. It is one of the important indicators which are used to determine whether a company is a worthwhile investment.
Formulas for HK stocks and A-shares:
Dividend (TTM)= Total Dividends for the Past 12 Months / Total Outstanding Shares
Dividend (LFY)= Total Dividends for the Previous Fiscal Year / Total Outstanding Shares
Div Yield (TTM)= Total Dividends for the Past 12 Months / Total Market Capitalization
Div Yield (LFY)= Total Dividends for the Previous Fiscal Year / Total Market Capitalization
Formulas for US, Singapore, Australia, Japan, and Canada stocks:
Dividend (TTM) = Total Dividends per Share for the Past Four Quarters
Dividend (LFY) = Total Dividends per Share for the Previous Fiscal Year
Div Yield (TTM) = Dividend (TTM) / Stock Price
Div Yield (LFY) = Dividend (LFY) / Stock Price
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