The company was incorporated in Shenzhen, China on March 6, 1996 in accordance with the Company Law.
In May 1996, the company issued H shares and American depositary shares (ADS) in Hong Kong and the United States; in December 2006, the company issued A shares in Shanghai; in January 2007, the company used the funds raised by issuing A shares to successfully acquire the railway section from Guangzhou to Pingshi, and the company's business scope entered the national railway backbone network from the regional railway. So far, the company is the only railway transportation company in China to issue securities in Shanghai, Hong Kong and the United States.
The company mainly operates railway passenger and freight transport business and operates through-Hong Kong passenger train transport business in cooperation with Hong Kong Railway Co., Ltd., and provides railway operation services to other railway companies in the mainland. The company is also engaged in railway facilities and technical integrated services, commercial trade and the establishment of various industries and other businesses in line with the purpose of the company.
The company independently operates the Shenzhen-Guangzhou-Pingshi railway, with an operating mileage of 481.2 kilometers, vertically running through the whole territory of Guangdong Province. Among them, the Guangping section is the south section of the north-south artery of China Railway-the southern section of the Beijing-Guangzhou Line; the Guangzhou-Shenzhen section is one of the two railway channels from mainland China to Hong Kong, connecting Beijing-Guangzhou, Beijing-Kowloon, Sanmao, Pingnan, Pingyan, Xiamen-Shenzhen Railway, Guangzhou-Guangzhou-Shenzhen Intercity Railway, Gan-Shenzhen Railway and Hong Kong Railway East Rail Line, which is an important part of China's railway transportation network.
Passenger transport business is the company's most important transport business, including Guangzhou-Shenzhen intercity train (including Guangzhou east to Chaoshan cross-line EMU), long-distance train and Hong Kong through train transport business. The company implements bus operation on Guangzhou-Shenzhen intercity trains, with an average of one pair of "Harmony" emus operating between Guangzhou and Shenzhen every 10 minutes during the peak passenger flow. The through train operated by the company in cooperation with the Hong Kong Railway Company Limited is one of the important modes of transport between Guangzhou and Hong Kong. The company organizes and runs a number of long-distance passenger trains starting and ending in Guangzhou and Shenzhen, reaching most of the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government.
Freight business is an important transportation business of the company. The company not only has perfect freight facilities, which can effectively carry out the transportation of complete vehicles, less than a load, containers, bulky goods, dangerous goods, fresh goods and out-of-gauge goods, but also operates railway lines that are closely connected with major ports in Guangzhou and Shenzhen, as well as a number of large-scale industrial zones, logistics parks and factories and mining enterprises in the Pearl River Delta region through special railway lines. The company's main market for cargo transportation is China's inland medium-and long-distance transportation, which has a competitive advantage in the medium-and long-distance transportation of goods in China's interior.
Railway operation service is an extended business of passenger and freight transport developed by the company since the opening of Wuhan-Guangzhou Railway in December 2009. At present, the company has provided this service for Wuhan-Guangzhou Railway, Guangzhou-Zhuhai Intercity, Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Railway, Guangzhou-Zhuhai Railway, Xiamen-Shenzhen Railway, Guangdong Railway, South-Guangzhou Railway, Guiyang-Guangzhou Railway, Pearl River Delta Intercity, Maozhan Railway, Shenmao Railway, Meishan Railway and Jiangxi-Shenzhen Railway. Railway operation service has become a new business growth point of the company. In the future, with the successive completion and operation of a series of "Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area" high-speed railways and intercity railways, the company will provide a wider range of railway operation services.