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Are Investors Undervaluing Seatrium Limited (SGX:5E2) By 31%?

Simply Wall St ·  Jun 12 00:58

Key Insights

  • Using the 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity, Seatrium fair value estimate is S$2.49
  • Seatrium's S$1.73 share price signals that it might be 31% undervalued
  • Our fair value estimate is 12% lower than Seatrium's analyst price target of S$2.83

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Seatrium Limited (SGX:5E2) as an investment opportunity by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. Our analysis will employ the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Before you think you won't be able to understand it, just read on! It's actually much less complex than you'd imagine.

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model.

Crunching The Numbers

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033
Levered FCF (SGD, Millions) -S$187.4m S$777.2m S$702.8m S$661.7m S$638.8m S$627.3m S$623.4m S$624.6m S$629.4m S$636.7m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x2 Analyst x2 Analyst x2 Est @ -5.85% Est @ -3.46% Est @ -1.79% Est @ -0.63% Est @ 0.19% Est @ 0.76% Est @ 1.17%
Present Value (SGD, Millions) Discounted @ 8.2% -S$173 S$664 S$555 S$483 S$431 S$391 S$359 S$333 S$310 S$290

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = S$3.6b

After calculating the present value of future cash flows in the initial 10-year period, we need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all future cash flows beyond the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.1%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 8.2%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2033 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = S$637m× (1 + 2.1%) ÷ (8.2%– 2.1%) = S$11b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= S$11b÷ ( 1 + 8.2%)10= S$4.9b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is S$8.5b. The last step is to then divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of S$1.7, the company appears quite undervalued at a 31% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
SGX:5E2 Discounted Cash Flow June 12th 2024

The Assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Seatrium as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 8.2%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.324. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

SWOT Analysis for Seatrium

Strength
  • Net debt to equity ratio below 40%.
  • Balance sheet summary for 5E2.
Weakness
  • No major weaknesses identified for 5E2.
Opportunity
  • Expected to breakeven next year.
  • Has sufficient cash runway for more than 3 years based on current free cash flows.
  • Trading below our estimate of fair value by more than 20%.
Threat
  • Debt is not well covered by operating cash flow.
  • Is 5E2 well equipped to handle threats?

Next Steps:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. What is the reason for the share price sitting below the intrinsic value? For Seatrium, there are three pertinent aspects you should look at:

  1. Risks: For instance, we've identified 1 warning sign for Seatrium that you should be aware of.
  2. Future Earnings: How does 5E2's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the SGX every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.
This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

Disclaimer: This content is for informational and educational purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation or endorsement of any specific investment or investment strategy. Read more
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